What's the Difference Between Fruits and Vegetables?
Botanically speaking, fruit is the mature ovary of a flowering plant being
pollinated, whether it tastes sweet or savory. It’s the edible part of a
plant which consists of seeds and surrounding tissues. These can be fleshy
fruits, such as peach, all sorts of berries, pumpkin, tomatoes, etc. or dry
fruits from where the water has been removed naturally by sun-drying or by
chemical processes. All other parts of a plant, including leaves, roots,
and stems are called vegetables. Vegetables don’t contain seeds, nor they
develop from flowers.
Considering the definition of fruits, nuts, beans, avocados, eggplants, and
tomatoes are all, technically, fruits, whereas leaves (e.g. spinach and
lettuce), stems (e.g. celery and ginger), roots (e.g. potatoes, carrots,
and radishes) and stems (e.g. cauliflower and broccoli) are vegetables.
The question why so many people refer to some fruits as vegetables can be
answered from a culinary perspective. Since most fruits taste sweet due to
the presence of a simple sugar in them called fructose, we prefer to
consume them as a dessert or a snack. On the other hand, most of the
vegetables have a savory taste (less sweet), which is why there are so many
people who are convinced that tomatoes are a vegetable. Chefs and all
public associate these two foods with how they taste rather than
differentiating their botanical characteristics.
In spite of different cultural and culinary points of view, both fruits and
vegetables are very nutritious since they are excellent sources of
vitamins, low in calories and fat and high in fiber. However, fruits
contain more sugar and therefore, more calories. This is the reason why
people mostly refrain from fruits intake while on a diet. Generally,
vegetables are lower in calories, but some of them like potato and beet may
be quite higher.
Even though vegetables and fruits are widely used in baking and cooking,
they nourish us the most efficiently when consumed raw. One of the biggest
difference between fruits and vegetables is that veggies often contain a
higher number micronutrients necessary for good health, which are vitamins,
minerals, and phytonutrients. These micronutrients are vitamin A, vitamin
B-complex, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, calcium, iron, etc. They are
crucial for the healthy functioning of all our body parts.
Fruits contain more macronutrients than vegetables. Those are energy-giving
and structural caloric components of foods: carbohydrates, proteins, and
fats. Fructose is the simple type of sugar that is the main component of
most fruits. It belongs to the simple carbohydrates category. Both fruits
and vegetables contain a complex carbohydrate called fiber, and that isn’t
digested in the body (not used for energy). This complex carbohydrate is
essential for healthy living.
Another type of “fruits” are legumes and nuts. Generally speaking, nuts
contain higher concentration of proteins and omega-3 and omega-6 fatty
acids compared to fruits. Legumes are grown culturally. These fruits
include lupin bean, alfalfa, soybeans, lentils, soybeans, etc. These fruits
have a much higher concentration of complex carbohydrates and proteins than
nuts, vegetables, and fruits.
Other chemical compounds that are contained in fruits and vegetables are
antioxidant phytochemicals. They are naturally present in plants
(vegetables) and fruits and give them their unique color. These
phytochemicals aid us with protection against oxidation, which is the cause
Consuming more vegetables than other foods increase our intake of the
nutrients that improve our health while decreasing more caloric processed
foods. That is why it is recommended, especially to the people who want to
lose their weight and who are not very active, to practice this approach.
It is all about enabling your organs to operate more efficiently by burning
Although one serving of fruits has a bit more calories than one serving of
vegetables, that does not include starchy veggies like potatoes or beets.
However, both fruits and vegetables are part of a healthy diet. Most
nutritionists recommend that fresh fruit and vegetables should make up half
of the daily food intake, consuming a bit more vegetables than fruits.
Various studies showed that fruits and vegetables reduce the risks for some
of the most critical medical conditions, such as stroke, cancer, high blood
pressure, diabetes and heart disease. That is the reason why people have
been strongly advised to put efforts in increasing the amounts of these two