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Tomato, Solanum lycopersicum, plants which give red fruit. Although it's botanically a fruit, culinary it's vegetable, because it's not sweet. It is believed that there are around 7500 varieties of tomatoes. Tomatoes can be determinate or indeterminate, but also based on shape and size there are types: Beefsteak, Plum tomatoes, Cherry tomatoes, Grape tomatoes, Campari tomatoes, Tomberries, Oxheart, Pear tomatoes...
Potato originates from South America, where it was domesticated several millennia ago, and introduced to European explorers in mid-16th century. Ever since then, incredible growth of potato popularity enabled it to become one of the most sought out vegetables that truly managed to shape the look of the modern human civilization. Find out more about potato here.
Broccoli is a vegetable from the Italica Cultivar group of Brassicaceae family, family to which also belong cauliflower and cabbage. It is low in calories, but rich in vitamin C, vitamin K, dietary fiber, folate, potassium, selenium, vitamin A, manganese... There are three popular varieties: Calabrese broccoli, sprouting broccoli and purple cauliflower.
Red onion also called purple and Spanish onion is sort of onion with red or purple skin. Although both onions, white and red, have beneficial nutrients, red is richer in antioxidants. Quercetin is the most significant antioxidant from red onion.